Sierra Nevada

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Rock excavated structure used to hold a bid jar (tinajero in Spanish). Its dimensions are: 0.95 metres wide and 0.64 metres deep. It was filled with several stratigrafic units and has been excavated in 2014.

 

Partial view of 24 graves of a medieval necropolis excavated in 2014 in the area known as El Jarafí, an already documented medieval neighbourhood in Lanteira, Granada (Spain).

Three dimensional models

3D photogrammetry is one of the main methods used to record stratigraphy and structures during MEMOLA project archaeological excavations. Moreover, 3D recording, through social networks such as Sketchfab, allows us to easily present to the general public the excavations process and the results obtained.

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3D model of an individual from the medieval necropolis with 22 tombs excavated in 2014 in the area known as El Jarafí, an already documented medieval neighbourhood in Lanteira, Granada (Spain).

During 2015 the research on historical archival documentation has provided new information about the historical parcels. In the case of Rio Monachil, the parcels system from the beginning of the XX century have been fully digitalised, allowing to plan and perform spatial analysis of the parcels distribution in order to study their evolution and relation to the historical water administration of the different traditional irrigation systems.

 

During the months of May and June 2015 a new archaeological survey was carried out in the municipalities of Lanteira and Jérez del Marquesado (Granada). This survey is the product of a collaboration between the Prehistory and Archaeological Department of Universidad de Granada, a project for the study of Preindustrial Minery at the Nevado Filábride Complex, financed by the Andalusian Government, and the MEMOLA project. Through the survey we have located more than twenty new sites dated from the prehistory period to the modern age.

The second archaeological excavation (August- September, 2015) at Lanteira - Pago de Jarafí - has provided interesting results regarding the data obtained the previous year. 

The excavation at the necropolis, and housing located at sondage 30.000, continued this year expanding from 13.6 meters to 18.70. Additionally, the located silos for grain storage have been fully documented. The continuation of the excavation resulted in the identification of two oven structures, one dedicated to ceramic and the other, possibly, for domestic use. 

The study of pottery recovered in the 2014 campaign, at Pago del Jarafi, allowed to complete the data obtained during fieldwork. This exhaustive study has provided a more concrete chronology of the settlement. We now know that the identified remains located at sondages 30.000 and 60.000 can be dated between IX-XIII centuries, after which the settlement was abandoned. This information corroborates the data obtained in the archival documentation about the development of local rural communities.

The didactic notebook titled “La Alpujarra, Cultural Landscape“ focuses in the study area of Sierra Nevada, and more specifically on the cultural, natural and historical landscape of the region of La Alpujarra, located between the provinces of Granada and Almeria. This educative resource explains the concept of “ cultural landscapes“, the historic evolution, natural characteristics and heritage elements applied to the area of study.

Students of "Fray Luis de Granada" High School of Granada participates in a seminar about the landscape archaeology.

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