Research

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Simultaneously with the installation of continuous measurement sensors at certain points of the Acequia de Barjas system, we are making some point flow measurements in the Río Chico. The main control point is located where the Río Chico crosses the limit of the Natural Park of Sierra Nevada. That point drains the whole upper Río Chico basin, including the infiltration from the “Acequia de Barjas”.

MEMOLA project together with the University of Granada, the company Arqueoandalusi arqueología y patrimonio S.L.  and the UNESCO Centre of Andalusia organised a field activity around the historical irrigation channel in high mountain of Lugros. The goal is to recover and to put in use two traditional irrigation channels. 

In Monti di Trapani, ethnographic interviews were crucial for the identification of the hydraulic sources (springs, fountains, etc), place names and landuse distribution.

Botany

Plants play a significant role in the human history. One o the cradles of Civilization took place in the wild geographic range of wild ancestor of Mediterranean Cultivated Plants. Domestication of plants was the prior condition to the rise of human civilization and its demographic growth. Moreover, human history has gravitated to the possession of certain plant products, so many times the plants and their products can be considered as one of the fundamental reasons of development and relationship between populations. 

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Conferences

MEMOLA partners’ participate in numerous conferences organized by project members as well as other scientific meetings of local or international level. Given the interdisciplinary nature of the project, interventions cover areas such as history and archeology, agronomy, soil science, botany, anthropology, heritage protection, citizen participation, education, land use planning and natural resources management.

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Agronomy

Since antiquity, agriculture has had a significant impact on ecosystems in the Mediterranean basin, where water and soil resources are limited. Thus, to understand the current cultural landscapes, resulting from the sustainable interactions between people and nature, it is necessary to investigate the historical use and management of these resources.

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Hydrology

Water management has been a crucial issue in the development of Mediterranean mountains landscapes. Traditional irrigation systems, such as small ditches, have made possible the development of different human activities and natural resources bound to their evolution.

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Hydraulic survey allowed to locate numerous water mills in the area of Colli Euganei. We have analyzed their position in the territory, their architectural features etc.

Ethnography

The MEMOLA project carry out a wide ethnographic study within the cultural landscapes with aim to analize, understand and register the traditional strategies used by the local communities in order to manage their own agrosystems, especially the way in which they use the natural resources through ancient knowledges, the social organization and the common law that regulate the communal use of the resources, or the resilience capacity that these socio-ecological systems show to face with threat that affect their stability.

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